Development of Objective Ranking System for Tertiary Institutions in Developing Nations
Gabriel Atanbiyi1, Benjamin Aribisala2, Oluwayemisi Nyaaku3, and Olusola Olabanjo4
1Lagos State University, Ojo, Nigeria, 2Lagos State University, Ojo, Nigeria, 3Lagos State University, Ojo, Nigeria, and 4Lagos State University, Ojo, Nigeria
University ranking has become increasingly important in recent years because it creates a platform for competition amongst universities and also serves as a marketing tool in communicating performances of universities which could help them to build international reputation. Also, ranking could serve as a guide for prospective students seeking admission into tertiary institutions.
There are many ranking systems used by developed nations but some of the parameters employed by these internationally accepted ranking systems, such as economy activity and employers rating of universities, are not easily available in the developing world, and some parameters that are important in developing nations such as number of programmes with full accreditation, proportion of academic staff at professorial cadre and students’ completion rate are not included in the global rating. Hence, an objective ranking system that will capture the parameters relevant to the universities in developing nation is desirable. Here, we propose an objective ranking system that will capture the peculiarities of the universities in developing nations.
Ten existing ranking systems were considered in this study and seventeen criteria were identified from them and used to propose a new ranking system. Some of the criteria used are number of full professors in the university, h-index of the university and the total number of students in the university. Weights were objectively computed for each criterion and used in developing the proposed system. The proposed system was implemented using Nigerian Universities and web crawling techniques were developed and employed to extract the values of the criteria for each of the universities used as a case study. A total score based on the weight of criteria was calculated for each university and used for ranking. System implementation was carried out using PHP and Python.
The best five universities from the proposed ranking system were University of Ibadan, Obafemi Awolowo University, University of Lagos, University of Benin and University of Ilorin. The proposed ranking system will give an objective, better and more reliable ranking result for universities in developing nations than other existing ranking systems because it contains realistic and objective parameters available in developing nations.
University ranking, university, developing nations, Higher institutions, and nigerian